Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Breaking Down Borders: The Historic Moment the Berlin Wall Fell

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

November 9, 1989, marks a significant moment in history when the world witnessed the fall of the Berlin Wall. The Iron Curtain had divided East and West Berlin for 28 long years, creating both physical and ideological barriers. This monumental event symbolized the end of the Cold War era and the reunification of Germany. Let’s delve deeper into the story behind the Berlin Wall and the events that led to its eventual demise.

The Origins and Construction of the Berlin Wall

Following the end of World War II, tensions between Soviet-controlled East Germany and the Western Allies grew. To stop the mass exodus of East Germans fleeing to the West, the Soviet Union constructed a physical barrier, which later became known as the Berlin Wall.

The construction of the wall began in the early hours of August 13, 1961. Barbed wire fences were erected, and soon after, concrete slabs forming a formidable barrier emerged. The wall stretched over 155 kilometers (96 miles), splitting Berlin not only physically but also emotionally and politically.

The Inner and Outer Wall

The Berlin Wall consisted of two parallel sections: the inner and outer wall. The inner wall faced the East German side and was heavily guarded by watchtowers, patrol roads, and armed border guards. The outer wall, on the other hand, faced West Berlin and served as an additional security measure. This double-layered construction made it extremely challenging for individuals to escape to the West.

The Impact and Significance of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall dramatically impacted the lives of millions of people. Families were separated, friendships torn apart, and the entire city was scarred with a physical reminder of political turmoil. The wall represented the division of an entire nation and the suppression of basic human rights.

However, the wall also became a symbol of hope and resilience. The East Germans refused to surrender their desire for freedom, and the events that unfolded in the late 1980s would eventually lead to its downfall.

The Peaceful Revolution

In the late 1980s, the Soviet Union, under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev, introduced policies that encouraged openness and reform. This new wave of change, known as “Glasnost” and “Perestroika,” sparked a ripple effect throughout the Eastern Bloc and ignited a desire for political reform.

East Germany was no exception. Citizens, dissatisfied with the oppressive regime, began protesting and demanding greater freedoms. Demonstrations grew in size and intensity, calling for an end to the wall and the reunification of Germany.

The Historic Night: November 9, 1989

On the evening of November 9, 1989, an unexpected announcement was made during a press conference held by Günter Schabowski, a member of East Germany’s ruling party. He declared that travel restrictions would be eased for East German citizens, taking effect immediately.

The news spread like wildfire, and thousands of East Berliners flocked to the wall, yearning for the taste of freedom. Overwhelmed by the sheer number of people, the border guards hesitated, caught between their orders to maintain control and the overwhelming desire for change.

Finally, the gates were opened, and citizens crossed freely between East and West Berlin. The world watched in awe as joyous crowds celebrated their newfound liberty, dismantling the wall piece by piece. This momentous occasion was immortalized as a symbol of unity and triumph over adversity.

The Aftermath and Legacy

The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which occurred on October 3, 1990. The reunification brought about the end of the Cold War, marked a new chapter in European history, and further paved the way for the eventual dissolution of the Soviet Union.

The Berlin Wall, once a symbol of division, has now become a symbol of triumph over oppression and the power of unity. Today, fragments of the wall stand as a memorial, reminding us of the resilience and determination of those who fought for freedom.

The Importance of Remembering

As we reflect on the fall of the Berlin Wall, it serves as a critical reminder of the consequences of division and the courage it takes to tear down walls. It stands as a testament to the enduring spirit of humanity and the universal longing for freedom.

The story of the Berlin Wall is not just a historical event, but a lesson that continues to resonate in the present day. It reminds us that unity and understanding can overcome even the most formidable barriers, and that the power of hope should never be underestimated.

Let the fall of the Berlin Wall inspire us to strive for a world where walls are dismantled, and bridges are built, fostering a future where freedom, peace, and unity prevail.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free