Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Discover the Fascinating Capital Buildings of Berlin

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin


As the capital of Germany, Berlin is home to numerous historical landmarks and magnificent buildings that represent the city’s rich culture, turbulent history, and architectural diversity. From iconic structures that stood witness to key historical events to modern architectural marvels, Berlin’s capital buildings attract tourists and locals alike. In this article, we will explore some of the most notable capital buildings in Berlin, providing insights into their history, architecture, and significance.

1. Reichstag Building

The Reichstag Building is one of Berlin’s most famous landmarks. Originally constructed in 1894, this impressive neo-baroque building has played a central role in Germany’s history. One iconic feature of the Reichstag Building is its glass dome, which offers breathtaking views of the cityscape. Today, it serves as the meeting place of the German Parliament.

The Historical Significance

The Reichstag Building witnessed significant historical events, including the proclamation of the German Empire in 1871. It was severely damaged during World War II and remained in a state of ruin for several decades. After German reunification, a renowned architect named Norman Foster redesigned the building and added the glass dome, symbolizing transparency and the importance of democracy.

The Architecture

The combination of the original neo-baroque architecture and the modern glass dome makes the Reichstag Building a stunning example of architectural harmony. The current design aims to blend history with contemporary style, emphasizing Germany’s resilient spirit and commitment to democracy.

2. Brandenburg Gate

The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic symbol of Berlin and one of the city’s most recognized landmarks. Situated at the western end of Unter den Linden Boulevard, this neoclassical triumphal arch has witnessed key moments in German history.

A Symbol of Unity

Originally built in the late 18th century, the Brandenburg Gate symbolizes the reunification of East and West Berlin after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It has become a symbol of unity and freedom not only for Berlin, but for Germany as a whole.

The Architectural Beauty

The grandeur of the Brandenburg Gate lies in its neoclassical design, inspired by the Acropolis in Athens. Modeled after the Propylaea gate in Greece, it features twelve Doric columns and a chariot pulled by four horses on top, known as the Quadriga. The Quadriga, a sculpture symbolizing victory, was stolen during the Napoleonic era but later restored.

3. Bellevue Palace

Located in the Tiergarten district, Bellevue Palace is the official residence of the German President. This palatial building sits amidst lush greenery and overlooks the picturesque Spree River.

A Presidential Residence

Bellevue Palace has been the official residence of the German President since 1994. It serves as a venue for receiving foreign heads of state, hosting state banquets, and representing the highest office in the country. The palace’s elegant architecture and scenic location make it a prominent symbol of power.

The Architectural Style

Bellevue Palace is a magnificent example of neoclassical architecture. The building features a symmetrical design with a central dome, richly adorned facades, and beautiful gardens. Its stately appearance embodies authority and reflects the historical influence of classical architecture.

4. Berlin Cathedral

The Berlin Cathedral, also known as the Berliner Dom, is an impressive religious structure located on Museum Island. With its stunning architecture and prominent location, this cathedral is a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts and history buffs.

An Architectural Masterpiece

The Berlin Cathedral is a prime example of the High Renaissance and Baroque architectural styles. Its magnificent dome, intricate mosaics, and ornate decorations captivate visitors. The interior features a stunning altar, beautiful frescoes, and an impressive organ, making it a cultural and religious treasure.

Cultural Significance

Hosting regular church services, concerts, and exhibitions, the Berlin Cathedral serves as a vibrant cultural hub. It has also witnessed significant historical moments, including imperial weddings and state funerals, adding to its rich historical and cultural significance.

5. Potsdamer Platz

A symbol of Berlin’s modernity and architectural innovation, Potsdamer Platz is a bustling square located in the heart of the city. This vibrant urban space is a testament to Berlin’s rebirth after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Revitalization and Modern Architecture

Potsdamer Platz was completely destroyed during World War II and remained a desolate no-man’s land throughout the division of Berlin. However, after reunification, it underwent extensive revitalization and became a showcase for futuristic architecture. Today, it features stunning skyscrapers, futuristic buildings, and a vibrant mix of shops, restaurants, and entertainment venues.

An Urban Oasis

Potsdamer Platz has transformed into a vibrant cultural and commercial hub, offering a wide range of activities to visitors and locals alike. With its modern architecture, cinemas, theaters, and shopping centers, it represents the dynamic spirit of the city.

In Conclusion

Berlin’s capital buildings are not just architectural marvels but also powerful symbols of the city’s history, cultural heritage, and perseverance. From the historical significance of the Reichstag Building and the symbol of unity that is the Brandenburg Gate to the elegance of Bellevue Palace, the magnificence of the Berlin Cathedral, and the modernity of Potsdamer Platz, each building carries its unique story within its walls.

Exploring these capital buildings will not only provide you with a deeper understanding of Berlin’s past but also allow you to witness the harmonious blend of historical and contemporary architectural styles. Whether you are a history enthusiast, an architecture lover, or simply a curious traveler, Berlin’s capital buildings are sure to captivate your imagination and leave a lasting impression.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free