Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Discovering Berlin: Germany’s Vibrant Capital

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Understanding Berlin’s Political Status

When it comes to Berlin’s political status, many people often wonder whether it is a state or a city. The answer to this question is quite intriguing. Unlike other traditional capitals, Berlin is both a city and a state within the Federal Republic of Germany.

Exploring Berlin as a State

As a state, Berlin has its own government, constitution, and parliament, known as the Abgeordnetenhaus. The state government is responsible for managing the affairs of the city-state, such as education, transportation, and healthcare. It has a Mayor, called the Governing Mayor, who is the head of the state government and represents Berlin at the national level.


One interesting fact about Berlin as a state is that it is the smallest state in Germany by area, covering approximately 891 square kilometers. However, its population of over 3.7 million residents makes it the most populous city in Germany, contributing to its vibrant and diverse atmosphere.

The Unique History of Berlin

In order to fully understand Berlin’s political status, it is important to delve into its unique history. After World War II, Berlin was divided into four sectors by the victorious Allied powers: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France. This division eventually led to the construction of the infamous Berlin Wall in 1961.

However, in 1990, following the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of East and West Germany, Berlin regained its status as the capital of a unified Germany. This historical significance plays a crucial role in shaping Berlin’s identity as both a city and a state.

Discovering Berlin as a City

Beyond its political status as a state, Berlin holds a prominent position as one of the most exciting and culturally rich cities in Europe. It is renowned for its thriving art scene, vibrant nightlife, and historical landmarks.

An Arts and Culture Hub

Berlin has long attracted artists, musicians, and creatives from around the world. The city is home to numerous art galleries, museums, and exhibitions, such as the renowned Museum Island, which houses the Altes Museum and the Pergamon Museum.

Additionally, Berlin hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, including the Berlin International Film Festival (Berlinale), the Karneval der Kulturen (Carnival of Cultures), and the Christopher Street Day Parade, celebrating LGBTQ+ rights.

Historical Landmarks

Walking through Berlin is like stepping into the past. The city is dotted with historical landmarks that reflect its turbulent history. The Brandenburg Gate, once a symbol of division during the Cold War, now stands as a powerful symbol of unity and freedom. The iconic Berlin Wall Memorial, the Checkpoint Charlie Museum, and the Holocaust Memorial are also notable sites that pay tribute to the city’s tumultuous past.

Berlin’s Lively Nightlife

When the sun sets, Berlin comes alive with its legendary nightlife scene. From underground clubs to rooftop bars and cozy beer gardens, there is something for everyone. The city’s diverse and inclusive atmosphere has made it a magnet for electronic music lovers, making Berlin a global hub for techno music.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, Berlin is indeed a unique city-state that transcends traditional definitions. It serves as both the capital of Germany and a state within the country. Berlin’s political status defines its administrative structure, while its cultural vibrancy and historical significance shape its identity as a world-class city.

Whether you’re interested in exploring its rich history, immersing yourself in its diverse culture, or simply enjoying the energetic nightlife, Berlin has something to offer for everyone. It’s a city worth visiting and experiencing firsthand.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free