Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Discovering Berlin: Unveiling the Rich History and Vibrant Culture of Germany’s Capital

by | Oct 17, 2023 | Original Berlin

When it comes to the geography of Germany, one question people often wonder about is whether Berlin is located in East Germany or West Germany. The answer, however, is not as straightforward as one might expect. To truly understand the city’s position in the country’s history, we need to dive deeper into the events that unfolded during the Cold War era and the subsequent reunification. So let’s embark on a journey through time and discover the fascinating story of Berlin.

Germany’s Division and Berlin’s Unique Status

To comprehend the dynamics of Berlin’s location, we must first understand the division of Germany after World War II. Following Germany’s defeat, the victorious Allied powers, consisting of the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, divided the country into four occupation zones corresponding to their respective zones of control. Berlin, situated in the eastern part of Germany, was similarly divided into four sectors.

The Formation of East Germany

The Soviet Union-controlled sector became known as the German Democratic Republic (GDR) or East Germany, declared in 1949. The GDR developed into a socialist state, aligned with the Eastern Bloc and under the influence of the Soviet Union. Berlin, being located within the boundaries of East Germany, became the capital of the GDR.

The Formation of West Germany

The three remaining sectors, controlled by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, were merged to form the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), commonly known as West Germany. The capital of West Germany was Bonn. These western sectors of Berlin were collectively referred to as West Berlin.

The Berlin Wall: A Symbol of Division

The division between East and West Germany became more pronounced in 1961 when the Berlin Wall was erected. This infamous structure physically separated East and West Berlin, symbolizing the divide between Eastern and Western ideologies during the Cold War.

For nearly three decades, the Berlin Wall remained a formidable barrier, restricting the movement of people between the two Berlins. Visiting East Berlin was a complex and highly regulated process for West Berliners, and attempts to escape East Germany were met with severe consequences.

Berlin’s Reunification: A Triumph of History

The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, marked a monumental moment in history. The reunification of East and West Germany became a thrilling reality, and Berlin, once a symbol of division, transformed into a significant symbol of national unity.

Following the reunification, Berlin regained its status as the capital of a unified Germany. However, it’s important to note that the political and administrative divisions between East and West Germany did not entirely disappear overnight. The integration of the eastern and western regions was a complex process that required time, effort, and resources.

The Modern Berlin: A Dynamic and Cosmopolitan City

Today, Berlin stands as a vibrant and culturally diverse metropolis, attracting visitors from around the world. It possesses a unique blend of historical landmarks, striking architecture, and a lively arts scene. Berlin’s tumultuous past is evident in the remnants of the Berlin Wall, Checkpoint Charlie, and various memorials scattered across the city.

Moreover, Berlin’s rich history has shaped its contemporary identity, with distinct characteristics from both East and West Germany. While the city has embraced reunification, it still preserves the remnants of its divided past, cherishing both aspects of its heritage.

Exploring Berlin’s Neighborhoods

Berlin is not just a single entity but a collection of vibrant neighborhoods, each with its own unique atmosphere. From the trendy and artistic Kreuzberg to the historic Mitte and the hipster haven of Prenzlauer Berg, Berlin offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors.

Whether you’re strolling through the bustling streets of Friedrichshain, absorbing the scholarly vibe of Charlottenburg, or indulging in the luxury of Potsdamer Platz, each neighborhood offers a glimpse into Berlin’s multifaceted character.

A City of Countless Museums and Cultural Marvels

For culture enthusiasts, Berlin boasts an impressive array of museums and galleries. From the iconic Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, to the contemporary art scene in the Kulturforum, there is no shortage of opportunities to immerse oneself in centuries of art, history, and culture.

Be it the legendary antiquities at the Pergamon Museum, the captivating exhibits at the Jewish Museum, or the thought-provoking works at the East Side Gallery, Berlin’s cultural landscape promises to mesmerize visitors with its diversity and depth.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, while Berlin was indeed located in East Germany during the division of the country, it serves as a reminder of the reunification and subsequent transformation of the entire nation. Today, Berlin shines as a testament to the triumph of history and the resilience of its people. Exploring this dynamic city allows visitors to witness the fusion of contrasting cultures and the harmonious coexistence of East and West. So, make sure to include Berlin in your itinerary when planning your next adventure, and discover a city with a history unlike any other.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free