Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Discovering the Capital of Germany: Berlin’s Rich History and Political Significance

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Unveiling Berlin: Germany’s Vibrant Capital

If you’ve ever wondered about the capital city of Germany, the answer is undoubtedly Berlin. Nestled in the heart of Europe, Berlin is not only the largest city in Germany but also the cultural and political epicenter of the nation. With its rich history, diverse population, and thriving arts and entertainment scene, Berlin captivates visitors from around the world.

Historical Significance

Berlin has an illustrious history that spans several centuries. The city was founded in the 13th century and has witnessed countless pivotal moments throughout history. From Prussian monarchs to tumultuous times during World War II and the Cold War, Berlin has emerged as a symbol of resilience and unity.

The Prussian Legacy

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Berlin served as the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia. Under the rule of Prussian kings and emperors, the city witnessed remarkable transformations, becoming a center of art, science, and culture. The iconic Brandenburg Gate, a historic landmark that has come to symbolize the city’s resilience, stands tall in the heart of Berlin.

World War II and the Cold War

During World War II, Berlin endured extensive destruction, particularly during the Battle of Berlin in 1945. Following the war, the city became divided between the Soviet and Allied powers, resulting in the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The wall stood as a physical and ideological barrier until its fall in 1989, marking a significant turning point in German history and leading to the reunification of East and West Germany.

Political Significance

As the capital of Germany since reunification in 1990, Berlin holds tremendous political significance. The city is home to the German Federal Parliament, known as the Bundestag, where the country’s laws are debated and enacted. The Chancellor’s Office, where Germany’s head of government resides, is also located in Berlin.

The Bundestag: German Federal Parliament

The Bundestag is the centerpiece of Berlin’s political landscape. This iconic building, known for its striking glass dome, offers visitors the chance to observe parliamentary debates and gain insights into the workings of the German political system. Guided tours are available for those interested in delving deeper into the country’s democratic process.

The Chancellor’s Office: Seat of Government

The Chancellor’s Office, or Bundeskanzleramt, is where the German Chancellor governs the country. Nestled along the Spree River, this impressive building is not only the workplace of the Chancellor but also a symbol of Germany’s political stability and strength. Although access to the office itself is restricted, visitors can admire the building’s unique architectural design from the outside.

Cultural and Artistic Hub

Berlin’s vibrant arts and entertainment scene is another reason why the city shines in the global spotlight.

World-Class Museums and Galleries

Berlin boasts an exceptional array of museums and galleries that cater to all interests. The Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is home to five renowned museums, including the Pergamon Museum and the Neues Museum. These cultural institutions house impressive collections of ancient artifacts, Egyptian treasures, and world-class artworks.

Street Art and Grafitti Culture

Berlin is internationally renowned for its thriving street art and graffiti scene. The city’s walls serve as canvases for both local and international artists, transforming ordinary buildings into captivating works of art. Neighborhoods like Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain are particularly known for their vibrant street art, reflecting the city’s creative spirit.

Culinary Delights and Nightlife

Berlin’s culinary scene is as diverse as its population. From traditional German delicacies like bratwurst and sauerkraut to international flavors influenced by the city’s multiculturalism, Berlin offers a smorgasbord of culinary delights to satisfy every palate.

Beer Gardens and Food Markets

Visiting a traditional beer garden in Berlin is a must-do experience. These outdoor spaces are perfect for relaxing with friends while enjoying a cold, refreshing beer and savoring a variety of local delicacies. In addition, the city’s food markets, such as the Markthalle Neun and Mauerpark Flohmarkt, offer an array of delectable street food, fresh produce, and unique culinary experiences.

Thriving Nightlife

Berlin’s nightlife scene is legendary, attracting partygoers from around the world. The city is known for its diverse clubs, bars, and music venues, offering something for every taste. From techno clubs like Berghain to jazz bars and underground venues, Berlin’s nightlife is an eclectic mix that never disappoints.

Inclusivity and Diversity

Berlin prides itself on its inclusivity and diversity. The city warmly welcomes people from all walks of life, making it a multicultural haven that celebrates individuality and self-expression.

LGBTQ+ Community

Berlin is widely regarded as one of the most LGBTQ+ friendly cities in the world. The annual Christopher Street Day Parade attracts thousands of participants and spectators, celebrating love, acceptance, and equality. The vibrant LGBTQ+ scene in districts like Schöneberg and Kreuzberg ensures that everyone can feel at home in Berlin.

Immigrant Population

Over the years, Berlin has become home to a diverse immigrant population, contributing to the city’s cultural fabric. From Turkish and Middle Eastern communities to expatriates from around the globe, Berlin’s multiculturalism is a testament to its open-mindedness and acceptance of different cultures.


As we explored Berlin’s rich history, political significance, vibrant arts scene, culinary delights, and inclusive nature, it’s clear why Berlin holds the prestigious title of Germany’s capital. Its ability to effortlessly blend tradition with modernity, and its celebration of diversity, make it a city like no other. Whether you’re interested in history, politics, arts, or simply seeking unforgettable experiences, Berlin has something to offer every visitor. Begin your journey to this remarkable city and discover the magic that awaits you.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free