Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

German Unity: The Rise of Berlin as the Capital

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

A Historical Journey

Germany, a country known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and economic prowess, has undergone significant changes throughout the centuries. Among these transformations, one of the most crucial events was the unification of Germany under one capital city. Today, Berlin stands boldly as the capital of Germany. Let’s delve into the fascinating story of how Berlin became the political, cultural, and economic heart of the nation.

The Division and Reunification

Following World War II, Germany found itself torn apart. The victorious Allies divided the country into four occupation zones, each controlled by either the United States, the United Kingdom, France, or the Soviet Union. Berlin, situated deep within the Soviet zone, experienced the same split, with the eastern portion falling under Soviet influence and the western portion under the control of the other three Allies.

Over the years, this division grew stronger, leading to the construction of the infamous Berlin Wall in 1961. The wall served as a harsh reminder of the ideological divide between East and West, with families and friends forcibly separated. The city was living proof of the global power struggle between the communist Eastern Bloc and the democratic Western world.

However, the tides of change were inevitable. The winds of freedom and democracy began sweeping across Europe, culminating in the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The euphoria of liberty filled the air, and the world witnessed the German people ushering in a new era of unity.

The Quest for a Capital

Once the Berlin Wall fell, Germany faced a momentous decision: where would its capital be? The divided country had two potential contenders: Bonn, the capital of West Germany, and Berlin, the symbolically significant city at the heart of the Cold War division.

The choice was ultimately made in favor of Berlin, and it was declared the capital of the reunified Germany on October 3, 1990. This decision not only reflected the city’s historical and cultural significance, but also marked a symbolic end to the division that had plagued Germany for decades.

Cultural Significance

Berlin’s selection as the capital was not only a political decision, but also a recognition of its cultural significance. The city has long been a hub of art, music, theater, and literature. From the world-renowned Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra to the vibrant street art scene, Berlin has attracted creative minds from all over the globe.

Berlin’s diverse cultural landscape is synonymous with creativity, freedom of expression, and liberalism. Its countless galleries, museums, and theaters provide a platform for artists to showcase their talents and engage with a global audience. The city’s vibrant cultural scene is not only a source of pride for Berliners but also a major attraction for tourists from all corners of the world.

Economic Powerhouse

In addition to its cultural heritage, Berlin has become a thriving economic powerhouse. It is home to countless startups, technology firms, and multinational corporations. The city embraces innovation and entrepreneurship, attracting talent from all over the world.

Berlin’s affordable cost of living and open-minded atmosphere provide a fertile ground for startups to flourish. The city’s vibrant tech scene, known as “Silicon Allee,” is a hub for creative thinkers, pioneering technologies, and groundbreaking ideas.

Moreover, Berlin’s central location within Europe and its excellent infrastructure make it an ideal business hub. The city is known for its trade fairs, conferences, and exhibitions, drawing industry professionals and investors from across the globe. The economic success of Berlin contributes significantly to Germany’s overall financial stability.


Berlin’s rise as the capital of Germany is a testament to the country’s historical journey, cultural importance, and economic power. The city’s selection marked the end of a divided era, symbolizing unity and freedom for the German people.

Today, Berlin stands tall as a vibrant metropolis, attracting people with its rich cultural heritage, thriving economy, and warm-hearted embrace of diversity. As the capital, Berlin embodies the spirit of modern Germany and serves as a shining example of resilience, innovation, and unity.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free