Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Berlin Wall: Unmasking the Divided City

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

For nearly three decades, the Berlin Wall stood tall, physically dividing the city of Berlin and symbolically representing the divide between the East and the West. It was a powerful reminder of the political tensions that defined the Cold War era. In this article, we will delve into the journey of the Berlin Wall, exploring where it started and where it ultimately ended.

1. The Beginning: Construction of the Berlin Wall

The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961. The wall stretched for approximately 155 kilometers, encircling West Berlin and effectively cutting it off from East Berlin and the rest of East Germany. The purpose was to prevent the massive wave of emigration from East Germany to the more prosperous West Germany, which significantly weakened the economic stability and political control of the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic.

Barbed wire fences, watchtowers, and concrete walls were hastily erected overnight, dividing families, neighbors, and even streets. This sudden separation wrought profound psychological and emotional effects on both sides of the wall. The East Berliners became trapped behind the Iron Curtain, while the West Berliners found themselves living on an isolated island within East German territory.

2. The Evolution: Phases of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall went through various stages of construction, modification, and reinforcement during its existence. Let’s examine the key phases:

2.1 First Generation: The Wire Fence

Initially, the wall was no more than a simple wire fence. This early phase lasted for a few weeks, during which border crossings were still relatively easy for those desperate enough to try. However, as tensions grew, the barrier became increasingly fortified.

2.2 Second Generation: Improved Barrier

The second phase saw the replacement of the wire fence with a more formidable concrete structure. This version of the wall was higher and more difficult to cross, with additional security measures in place. Guard towers, equipped with armed soldiers, dotted the wall’s perimeter to discourage escape attempts.

2.3 Third Generation: The Berlin Wall as we Know It

The third and final phase marked the height of the wall’s development. It consisted of two parallel walls with a no man’s land, known as the “death strip,” in between. The area between the walls was heavily guarded and filled with a variety of obstacles, such as anti-vehicle trenches, barbed wire fences, and tripwire-triggered machine guns.

3. The End: Fall of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall, once a formidable barrier, eventually crumbled under political pressure and the collective will of the people. The fall of the Berlin Wall came on November 9, 1989, symbolizing the end of an era and a crucial step towards German reunification. But where did the wall officially start and end?

3.1 Checkpoint Charlie

Checkpoint Charlie, located near the heart of Berlin, was one of the most famous border crossings during the Cold War. It served as a vital checkpoint for diplomats, military personnel, and foreign tourists traveling between East and West Berlin. Positioned on Friedrichstrasse, it became an enduring symbol of the divided city.

3.2 The Brandenburg Gate

The Brandenburg Gate, a monumental structure that once stood as a stark reminder of division, now serves as a powerful symbol of unity. Located in the heart of Berlin, this historic gate majestically marks the boundary between East and West. After the fall of the wall, the Brandenburg Gate became a focal point for celebrations and a rallying site for reunification.

4. The Legacy: Remembering the Past

While the physical structure of the Berlin Wall is now largely gone, its impact continues to shape the consciousness of Berlin. Museums, memorials, and remnants of the wall stand as reminders of the city’s tumultuous history and the triumph of unity over division. Visitors can explore the East Side Gallery, a 1.3-kilometer section of the wall covered in vibrant murals, or visit the Berlin Wall Memorial, which offers a deeper understanding of the wall’s historical significance.

In conclusion, the Berlin Wall was not merely a structure that divided the city; it was a symbol of the ideological and political divide between two worlds. While it may have physically started and ended at specific locations, its significance extends far beyond those boundaries. Today, it stands as a testament to the resilience of the human spirit and the power of unity in the face of adversity.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free