Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Fall of the Berlin Wall: A Historic Moment

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin


In the annals of history, there are few events as monumental as the fall of the Berlin Wall. This iconic structure once stood as a physical and ideological divide between East and West Germany during the Cold War. Its abrupt end in 1989 marked a turning point towards the reunification of Germany and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Let us delve into the details and understand the historical significance of this event.

The Construction of the Berlin Wall

The construction of the Berlin Wall commenced in the early hours of August 13, 1961. The wall, built by the German Democratic Republic (GDR), completely encircled West Berlin, effectively cutting it off from East Germany. Initially, barbed wire fences and barricades were erected, but they were soon replaced with a concrete wall that would become an enduring symbol of the Cold War.

The Reasons Behind its Construction

The main reason behind the construction of the Berlin Wall was the desire of the GDR and the Soviet Union to stem the massive exodus of East Germans to the more prosperous West. This mass migration resulted in a brain drain and economic strain on the GDR. Additionally, the wall served as a physical representation of the political division between the democratic West and the communist East, solidifying the political control of the GDR.

The Impact on Berliners

The building of the wall had an immediate and dramatic impact on the lives of Berliners. Families were separated overnight, and people were cut off from their homes, jobs, and loved ones. Many East Berliners found themselves living in a virtual prison, unable to leave the city without official permission. West Berliners, on the other hand, experienced a heightened sense of isolation and vulnerability, surrounded by a wall that restricted their movement.

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

Despite the seemingly impenetrable nature of the Berlin Wall, cracks started to appear in the Eastern Bloc by the late 1980s. The reforms in the Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev’s leadership had a ripple effect throughout the socialist countries of Eastern Europe, triggering a wave of political change known as the “Peaceful Revolution.”

The Role of Perestroika and Glasnost

Mikhail Gorbachev’s policies of perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (openness) played a crucial role in fostering a climate of change and openness. Eastern Europeans yearned for greater political freedom, economic reforms, and a more transparent society.

The Start of Peaceful Protests

In East Germany, the rising tide of discontent culminated in mass protests and demonstrations. On November 4, 1989, around one million people gathered in East Berlin, demanding political change and the opening of the border. The government, faced with the overwhelming pressure from its people, had to address their demands.

The Historic Announcement

On the evening of November 9, 1989, the East German government announced that citizens would be allowed to cross the border freely. This unexpected and historic announcement sent shockwaves throughout Berlin, and soon after the declaration, thousands of people converged on the checkpoints.

The Joyful Moment

As the crowds grew, border guards who had been given no clear instructions, succumbed to the mounting pressure and opened the gates. East and West Berliners surged through the checkpoints and celebrated together in a moment of unparalleled joy and unity.

The Aftermath and Reunification of Germany

The fall of the Berlin Wall set in motion a chain of events that ultimately led to the reunification of Germany. This reinforced the movement towards democracy, freedom, and human rights across Eastern Europe. On October 3, 1990, a year after the fall of the wall, East and West Germany were officially reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany.


The fall of the Berlin Wall was a transformative moment in history, symbolizing the triumph of human resilience, freedom, and the power of people to instigate change. Today, remnants of the Berlin Wall serve as a reminder of the strength and determination of those who fought for reunification. It stands as a potent symbol of hope for a world without barriers.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free