Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Fall of the Iron Curtain: The Nations Affected by the Berlin Wall

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

The Berlin Wall was a physical and symbolic barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989, separating West Berlin from East Berlin and the surrounding East German territory. While primarily associated with Germany, the story of the Berlin Wall involves several other countries that played a significant role during its existence. In this article, we will explore the nations involved in the construction and eventual fall of the Berlin Wall.

1. German Democratic Republic (East Germany)

The German Democratic Republic, commonly known as East Germany, was the Soviet-controlled state that existed from 1949 until the country’s reunification in 1990. The construction of the Berlin Wall was initiated by East Germany to prevent mass emigration of its citizens to West Germany and the West Berlin enclave. East Germany’s communist regime, supported by the Soviet Union, considered the wall necessary for both political and economic reasons.

2. Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)

The Federal Republic of Germany, commonly known as West Germany, referred to the democratic state established in 1949 after World War II. West Germany represented the western-aligned portion of Germany and had close ties with Western Europe and the United States. Throughout the existence of the Berlin Wall, West Germany vehemently opposed the division of Berlin and advocated for the reunification of the country.

3. Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, a communist superpower, played a fundamental role in the construction and maintenance of the Berlin Wall. As the ruling authority in East Germany, the Soviet Union supported the creation of the wall to prevent the exodus of Eastern Bloc citizens to the West. The wall served as a symbol of the ideological divide between the capitalist West and the communist East.

4. United States of America

The United States, as a leading Western power and staunch supporter of capitalism and democracy, opposed the construction of the Berlin Wall. Its government considered the wall a physical embodiment of the division between East and West and a violation of human rights. The United States provided moral and practical support to West Germany during the Cold War period and sought the eventual reunification of Germany.

5. United Kingdom, France, and Other Western Allies

The United Kingdom and France, as key members of Western Europe, also played a significant role in the Berlin Wall’s narrative. They supported the stance of the United States and West Germany, condemning the wall as a symbol of oppression and a threat to international peace. Alongside the United States, they were crucial in ensuring the support and protection of West Berlin during the years of division.

6. Eastern Bloc Countries

Several countries within the Eastern Bloc, including Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Bulgaria, supported East Germany’s decision to construct the Berlin Wall. These countries were under Soviet influence and adhered to the same communist ideology. They saw the wall as a way to prevent the loss of their own citizens to the West and to maintain the stability of the Eastern Bloc.

7. Non-Aligned Countries

Non-aligned countries, those not aligned with either the Western or Eastern blocs, closely followed the developments surrounding the Berlin Wall. These countries advocated for the removal of the wall and the reunification of Germany, viewing it as a source of tension in the international arena. Their diplomatic support for the reunification cause helped maintain pressure on the parties involved.

8. International Community

The construction and fall of the Berlin Wall attracted significant attention from the international community. Organizations such as the United Nations voiced concerns about the violation of human rights and called for the wall’s removal. The international community’s condemnation of the division helped shed light on the situation and contributed to the eventual reunification of Germany.


The construction of the Berlin Wall was a defining moment in the history of Germany and the Cold War. While the primary actors involved were East and West Germany, the influence of the Soviet Union, the United States, and various other nations cannot be understated. The Berlin Wall’s eventual fall in 1989 marked a turning point in European history and the end of the Cold War era. Understanding the roles and perspectives of the countries involved provides invaluable insight into the significance of this controversial barrier.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free