Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Fascinating History of Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin


Located in Berlin, Germany, Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg holds an intriguing place in history. This unique landmark, which dates back to the turbulent times of the 20th century, is a testament to the city’s past, architectural significance, and the somber role it played during World War II. In this article, we will explore the fascinating history, design, and significance of Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg.

The Origins and Purpose

The Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg was built in 1942 during the Nazi era as part of a larger complex known as the “Vernichtungslager” or “extermination camp” in Berlin. Its primary purpose was the cremation of human remains, particularly those of victims who perished in concentration camps and ghettos across Europe. The location of the Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg was strategically chosen due to its accessibility and proximity to the Nazi headquarters in Berlin. The crematorium served as a central hub for disposing of the remains and eliminating evidence of the atrocities committed by the regime.

The Architecture and Design

The Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg was designed by Fritz Ertl, an architect known for his contributions to Nazi architecture. Ertl incorporated elements of the “New Objectivity” architectural style, characterized by simple lines and minimalist design, into the construction of the crematorium. The building consists of a main hall, where the ovens were located, and a separate administrative section. The stark, functionalist design was intended to convey a sense of efficiency and anonymity, mirroring the cold-heartedness of the Nazi regime.

A Place of Remembrance

Today, the Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg serves as a powerful memorial and educational site, preserving the memory of the victims and reminding visitors of the atrocities committed during World War II. The site helps to foster remembrance, reflection, and dialogue among visitors from all around the world. It stands as a stark reminder of the importance of acknowledging and learning from history to ensure that such horrors are never repeated.

Visiting Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg

If you plan to visit Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg, it’s important to note that the site is open to the public but operates with the utmost respect and solemnity. Here are some essential tips for your visit:

Opening Hours and Guided Tours

The site is open from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, Monday to Friday. Guided tours are available and highly recommended to fully grasp the historical context and significance of the location. These tours are usually led by knowledgeable guides who provide detailed insights into the events that took place there.

Respecting the Site

When visiting Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg, it’s crucial to approach the site with the respect it deserves. Remember, this location is a memorial and should be treated as such. Observe silence, refrain from taking photos, and follow any rules or instructions provided by the staff.

Reflecting and Learning

Take the time to reflect on the historical significance of the site and its role in World War II. Engage with the educational materials available, such as documentaries, exhibitions, and written accounts, to deepen your understanding of the events that unfolded during that time. Ask questions and seek knowledge to gain a comprehensive understanding of the past.

The Continued Importance of Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg

The Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg serves as a powerful symbol of remembrance, emphasizing the importance of confronting the atrocities committed during World War II. By preserving this historical site, we ensure that future generations can learn from the past and strive for a more tolerant and inclusive society. The lessons learned from the history of the Krematorium Berlin-Baumschulenweg transcend time and geographic boundaries, serving as a constant reminder of the devastating consequences of hatred and discrimination.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free