Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Historical Turning Point: The Fall of the Berlin Wall

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Background: The Creation of the Berlin Wall

On August 13, 1961, the German Democratic Republic (GDR), also known as East Germany, erected the Berlin Wall to impede the mass emigration of its citizens to West Germany. The division of Germany into East and West after World War II had already been established, and the wall was a physical manifestation of the Cold War conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. It stood for nearly three decades, becoming one of the most potent symbols of the division of Europe.

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, marking a monumental event in history. The catalyst for its collapse can be traced back to widespread changes happening across Eastern Europe at the time. The GDR’s hardline regime had been facing increasing pressure from its citizens demanding greater freedom and political reforms.

Protests erupted throughout East Germany during the fall of 1989, with citizens marching in the streets and demanding change. On the evening of November 9, the GDR government, facing mounting pressure, decided to allow limited travel across the border. In a press conference, an official mistakenly announced that the travel restrictions were lifted, causing a massive surge of people heading towards the Berlin Wall.

The Iconic Moment

As thousands of East Germans flocked to the wall, they were met by overwhelmed border guards who, initially unsure how to respond, chose not to use force to stop them. Joyous crowds climbed onto the wall, embraced their fellow citizens from the other side, and dismantled parts of the structure. The images of people celebrating together and chipping away at the concrete barrier became indelible moments of hope, unity, and freedom.

Significance and Reunification

The fall of the Berlin Wall symbolized the end of the Cold War division in Germany. It laid the groundwork for the reunification of East and West Germany. In 1990, negotiations led to the formal dissolution of the GDR, and Germany became a unified nation once again on October 3, 1990.

Legacy and Lessons Learned

The fall of the Berlin Wall had a profound impact on the world. It served as a powerful reminder of the potential for change and the human desire for freedom. The event has become an iconic symbol of hope and liberation, inspiring movements and protests around the world.

Moreover, the fall of the Berlin Wall demonstrated that, ultimately, human aspiration for freedom and democracy cannot be contained. The event showed the significance of people’s voices rising together against oppressive regimes and the power of unity in achieving historic breakthroughs.

An Ongoing Relevance

The message of the Berlin Wall’s fall still resonates today as societies continue to strive for freedom and human rights. It serves as a reminder that no matter how imposing the obstacles may seem, change is possible.

Preserving Memory

Efforts have been made to preserve parts of the Berlin Wall as a memorial and reminder of the past. The East Side Gallery, a section of the wall that features more than one hundred colorful murals painted by artists from around the world, stands as a testament to the triumph of hope over division.


The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, was a defining moment in history. The unintentional announcement and subsequent opening of the border led to an outpouring of emotion as people from East and West Germany came together to celebrate their long-awaited freedom.

The fall of the Berlin Wall ultimately paved the way for the reunification of Germany and sent a powerful message that the will of the people cannot be stifled indefinitely. It serves as a lasting symbol of hope, resilience, and the universal desire for liberty.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free