Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Mauerfall: Understanding the Berlin Wall in German

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin


The Berlin Wall, known as “die Berliner Mauer” in German, was a physical and symbolic division between East and West Germany during the Cold War. Erected on August 13, 1961, the wall stood as a barrier for almost three decades, separating families, friends, and a nation torn apart.

Understanding the Terminology

In order to explore how to say “Berlin Wall” in German, it is important to examine the terminology associated with this historical landmark.

1. Berlin Wall

In German, the phrase “Berlin Wall” can be translated as “Berliner Mauer.” The word “Berliner” refers to the city of Berlin, while “Mauer” translates to “wall”. Hence, when discussing or referring to the Berlin Wall in German, you can simply use “Berliner Mauer.”

2. Mauerfall

An important term to understand when discussing the history of the Berlin Wall is “Mauerfall.” This word literally translates to “fall of the wall.” It refers to the momentous event that occurred on November 9, 1989, when the border between East and West Germany was opened, leading to the eventual reunification of the country. The Mauerfall is regarded as a significant moment in history, symbolizing the end of the Cold War and a step towards German reunification.

Impact and Significance

The Berlin Wall played a crucial role in German history and its impact is still felt today. Understanding its significance is key to comprehending the cultural, social, and political landscape of Germany.

1. Division and Isolation

The Berlin Wall physically divided the city of Berlin, separating East Germany (German Democratic Republic) from West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany), a symbolic representation of the broader division between the communist and capitalist blocs during the Cold War. Families were torn apart, and people were isolated from loved ones who lived on the other side of the wall.

2. Symbol of Oppression

The Berlin Wall came to symbolize the oppression and restrictions imposed by the communist regime of East Germany. It served as a powerful reminder of the limitations placed on freedom of movement, expression, and the stark contrast between authoritarianism and democracy.

3. Peaceful Revolution

The fall of the Berlin Wall not only marked the physical reunification of a divided city and country, but it also represented a peaceful revolution against dictatorship and the desire for freedom. The events surrounding the Mauerfall sent shockwaves throughout the world, igniting hope and inspiring change in other oppressive regimes.

Remembering History: Lessons Learned

The Berlin Wall stands as a poignant reminder of the consequences of division and the power of unity. It serves as a lesson for future generations about the importance of human rights, democracy, and the pursuit of peace.

1. Understand the Past

Learning about the history of the Berlin Wall enables us to understand the hardships, sacrifices, and efforts made by those affected by its construction and ultimate demolition. It is essential to gain insight into the circumstances that led to its existence and reflect on the impact it had on individual lives and global geopolitics.

2. Promote Unity

Remembering the Berlin Wall encourages us to promote unity and overcome divisions, both at a societal and international level. It reminds us to value cooperation, dialogue, and the preservation of individual freedoms and human rights.


The Berlin Wall and its fall are deeply ingrained in German history and consciousness. Understanding the terminology associated with this landmark, such as the German translation for “Berlin Wall” – “Berliner Mauer,” or the term “Mauerfall” representing the fall of the wall, can help provide a comprehensive perspective on this pivotal moment. By reflecting on the impact and significance of the Berlin Wall, we can remember the lessons learned and work towards building a world where freedom, unity, and peace prevail.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free