Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Reichstag Building: A Historic Symbol of Democracy in Berlin

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Germany’s Reichstag Building, located in Berlin, is a significant architectural and political landmark. It serves as the seat of the German Bundestag (parliament) and represents the country’s commitment to democracy. With its rich history and iconic architecture, the Reichstag Building stands as a testament to the resilience and progress of the German nation. Let’s explore the key aspects of this remarkable structure.

Architectural Significance

The Reichstag Building, designed by German architect Paul Wallot, was completed in 1894. It showcases a fusion of architectural styles, prominently featuring elements of Renaissance, Gothic, and Baroque designs. The grand facade, decorated with sculptures and ornamental elements, exudes elegance and grandeur.

One of the most notable features of the Reichstag Building is its iconic glass dome. Designed by British architect Norman Foster, the dome was added during the reconstruction of the building in the 1990s. The dome serves as a symbol of transparency and allows visitors to enjoy panoramic views of Berlin.

Historical Significance

The Reichstag Building has witnessed many significant historical events. In 1933, a devastating fire damaged the building, providing Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party with a justification to seize power. After World War II, the building fell into disuse and became a symbol of division during the Cold War era when it stood right next to the Berlin Wall.

Following the reunification of Germany, the restoration and renovation of the Reichstag Building began in the 1990s. The process aimed to preserve its historical significance while incorporating modern features to meet the needs of the Bundestag. The result is a fascinating blend of the building’s rich history and contemporary functionality.

The Bundestag and Democracy

The Reichstag Building has been the home of the German Bundestag since 1999, affirming its role as the heart of German democracy. The Bundestag is responsible for representing the citizens and making important legislative decisions. Visitors can witness debates, attend committee meetings, and observe the democratic process in action from the public galleries.

One of the most prominent features of the Reichstag Building is its accessibility to the public. Visitors can explore the building, including the roof terrace and the breathtaking glass dome, free of charge. This openness symbolizes the transparency and inclusivity of the democratic system in Germany.

Sustainability and Energy Efficiency

As a country committed to environmental responsibility, Germany has implemented sustainable technologies in the Reichstag Building. The glass dome, for instance, incorporates solar panels that generate renewable energy for the building. The dome also uses a clever ventilation system that draws fresh air into the parliamentary chamber, reducing the need for artificial cooling.

The Reichstag Building serves as a role model for sustainable architecture and energy efficiency, demonstrating how historic landmarks can be modernized while respecting the environment.

Visiting the Reichstag Building

If you’re planning to visit the Reichstag Building, it’s essential to plan ahead. Due to its popularity, it’s best to book your visit in advance through the official Bundestag website. Be prepared to go through a security check upon arrival, and ensure you have a valid photo ID available.

During your visit, make sure to explore the rooftop terrace and the glass dome. The dome offers breathtaking panoramic views of Berlin, including famous landmarks such as the Brandenburg Gate and the Tiergarten. Audio guides are available in multiple languages, providing insights into the building’s history, architecture, and its significance in German democracy.

In conclusion, the Reichstag Building in Berlin is a symbol of Germany’s democratic values and historical resilience. Its architectural grandeur, historical significance, and commitment to sustainability make it a must-visit landmark for tourists and a source of pride for the German people. Discover the rich history and democratic spirit housed within the walls of the Reichstag Building and witness firsthand the power of transparency and inclusivity in a democratic society.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free