Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Unique Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Understanding the Memorial

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also known as the Holocaust Memorial, is an iconic monument located in the heart of Berlin, Germany. It serves as a profound tribute to the six million Jews who were systematically exterminated during the Holocaust by the Nazis. The memorial was designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold, and it was inaugurated on May 10, 2005, marking the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II.

Design and Concept

The memorial’s design is both unique and thought-provoking. It spans an area of 19,000 square meters and consists of 2,711 concrete slabs, or stelae, of varying heights arranged in a grid-like pattern. The undulating ground beneath the stelae adds an extra layer of complexity to the memorial’s design. Visitors are encouraged to explore the site, walking through the maze-like pathways between the towering stelae. The concept behind this design is to create a disorienting and contemplative experience, symbolizing the uncertainty and darkness during the Holocaust.

Symbolism and Interpretation

The memorial’s abstract design and lack of explicit symbolism allow for individual interpretation. Some view the stelae as tombstones, representing the countless lives lost during the Holocaust. The varying heights of the stelae can be seen as a metaphor for the diverse Jewish population that was targeted by the Nazis. As visitors navigate through the site, the changing dimensions of the stelae create a dynamic environment, evoking different emotions and reminding us of the vastness of the tragedy.

Visitors’ Experience

Visiting the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe can be a powerful and emotional experience. It offers a space for reflection and remembrance, urging visitors to confront the horrors of the Holocaust and contemplate the consequences of hatred and prejudice. As you walk through the maze-like pathways, you may feel a sense of isolation and unease, magnifying the significance of the memorial.

It’s important to approach the memorial with respect and reverence. While taking photographs is allowed, it’s recommended to be mindful of the solemnity of the place and to maintain a considerate behavior. Remember that this monument serves as a reminder of one of the darkest chapters in history; therefore, it’s crucial to approach it with sensitivity.

Remembering the Holocaust

Beyond the physical memorial itself, the site also houses the underground “Place of Information,” which engages visitors with an exhibition that further explores the history and context of the Holocaust. It provides a comprehensive account of the atrocities committed against Jews, Roma people, disabled individuals, and other persecuted groups during the Nazi regime.

Reflecting on History

By remembering the Holocaust, we not only honor the memory of the victims but also strive to prevent such atrocities from happening again. The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of prejudice, discrimination, and unchecked power. It stands as a testament to the resilience of the human spirit and the importance of standing up against hatred and intolerance.

Continuing Relevance

The memorial remains relevant today as we grapple with ongoing issues of discrimination and persecution. It prompts us to reflect on the past and consider how we can actively work towards building a more inclusive, tolerant, and just society. It serves as a powerful symbol for unity and an urgent call to safeguard human rights for all.

Plan Your Visit

If you’re planning a trip to Berlin, a visit to the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is highly recommended. It’s located near the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag building, making it easily accessible by public transportation.

Opening Hours

The memorial site is open to the public year-round. The outdoor memorial is accessible 24 hours a day, allowing visitors to engage with it at their own pace. The underground exhibition is open Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 AM to 7 PM.


The memorial site is designed to accommodate visitors with disabilities. Ramps and elevators provide access to the underground exhibition, and pathways throughout the outdoor memorial are wheelchair accessible.

Guided Tours

While not mandatory, guided tours can enhance your visit by offering further historical context and insights into the memorial. Several organizations offer guided tours in multiple languages, allowing you to gain a deeper understanding of the memorial’s significance.

Respecting the Space

When visiting the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, it’s essential to approach the site with reverence and respect. Remember that it is a memorial and a place of remembrance. Keep noise to a minimum and refrain from engaging in activities that may disrupt the solemn atmosphere.

Other Nearby Attractions

While in Berlin, take the opportunity to visit other historically significant sites nearby, such as the Topography of Terror, the Jewish Museum, and the Berlin Wall Memorial. These destinations provide additional insights into Germany’s tumultuous history and further enrich your understanding of the deep-rooted impact of the Holocaust.

Remember, a visit to the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is a powerful and meaningful experience, allowing us to reflect on the past, honor the victims, and foster a commitment to a more just and inclusive future.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free