Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Unraveling Berlin’s Fascinating Historical Journey

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Welcome to the dynamic and diverse city of Berlin! With a rich and complicated history, Berlin has experienced numerous transformations throughout the centuries. From its turbulent past to its vibrant present, this city offers a remarkable journey through different eras. Join us as we take a walk through time and explore the various chapters that have shaped Berlin into what it is today.

1. Medieval Berlin

In the 13th century, Berlin emerged as a small town in the Margraviate of Brandenburg. At this time, it consisted of two separate settlements: Alt-Berlin (Old Berlin) and Cölln. The Nikolaiviertel district, with its charming medieval streets and the iconic Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas’ Church), provides a glimpse into this era. You can stroll through cobblestone alleyways, visit historical museums, and immerse yourself in the ambiance of medieval Berlin.

2. Prussian Berlin

The 18th and 19th centuries marked the era of Prussian Berlin, a time when the city became a significant political and cultural center. Under the rule of the Prussian monarchs, Berlin underwent a series of transformations. The renowned Unter den Linden boulevard, lined with linden trees, showcases the architectural grandeur of the era. Here, you can find iconic landmarks such as the Brandenburg Gate and the Berlin State Opera.

2.1 The Birth of Museum Island

Museum Island, located in the Spree River, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that perfectly encapsulates Prussian Berlin’s cultural legacy. This unique ensemble of museums includes the Altes Museum, the Neues Museum, the Alte Nationalgalerie, the Bode Museum, and the Pergamon Museum. Explore ancient artifacts, classical antiquities, and exceptional artworks as you delve into the past.

3. Imperial Berlin

By the late 19th century, Berlin had become the capital of the German Empire. This period, known as Imperial Berlin, saw rapid industrialization and urban expansion. The majestic buildings along the grand boulevard of Kurfürstendamm exemplify the opulence and prosperity of the time. Take a stroll along this iconic street, visit luxury boutiques, and savor traditional German cuisine in elegant cafes.

3.1 The Legacy of Frederick the Great

Frederick the Great, one of Prussia’s most influential rulers, left an indelible mark on Berlin. His palaces, such as Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam, are exquisite examples of rococo architecture and offer a glimpse into the life of royalty. Explore the ornate gardens, marvel at the intricate interiors, and step back in time to the golden age of Prussia.

4. Weimar Berlin

Following World War I, Berlin experienced a vibrant cultural and artistic boom during the Weimar Republic. The iconic entertainment district of Friedrichstrasse and the bustling neighborhood of Prenzlauer Berg were at the heart of this era. Immerse yourself in the art, theater, and nightlife scene as you explore the bohemian streets of Weimar Berlin.

4.1 Bauhaus and Modernism

Berlin became a breeding ground for innovative architecture and design during the Weimar era. The Bauhaus movement, with its emphasis on functionalism and simplicity, left a lasting impact on the city. Explore iconic Bauhaus buildings, such as the Bauhaus Archive and the Haus am Horn, to witness the avant-garde spirit that defined this period.

5. Cold War Berlin

Following the division of Germany after World War II, Berlin became a symbol of the Cold War struggle between the East and West. Checkpoint Charlie, the Berlin Wall Memorial, and the remnants of the Berlin Wall itself are powerful reminders of this tumultuous time. Experience the contrasting atmospheres of East and West Berlin, and listen to stories of resilience, separation, and eventual reunification.

5.1 East Side Gallery

The East Side Gallery, located along a remaining section of the Berlin Wall, stands as an open-air gallery and a tribute to freedom. Admire the vibrant and thought-provoking murals created by artists from around the world, each telling a unique story of hope and unity.

6. Modern Berlin

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, Berlin has undergone a remarkable transformation into a vibrant and cosmopolitan city. The diverse neighborhoods of Kreuzberg, Neukölln, and Mitte offer a kaleidoscope of cultures, cuisines, and creative energy. Dive into the thriving art scene, indulge in international gastronomy, and experience the pulsating nightlife that makes modern Berlin so captivating.

6.1 The Potsdamer Platz Renaissance

Potsdamer Platz, once a bustling square before the war, was left in ruins during the division of Berlin. Today, it has risen from the ashes and regained its place as a vibrant hub. Admire the contemporary architecture, catch a film at one of the cinemas, or enjoy a shopping spree at the modern malls.


As you walk through the different eras of Berlin, you will witness the city’s resilience, creativity, and transformation. From its medieval origins to its modern-day vibrancy, Berlin offers a captivating journey through time. Embrace the unique stories embedded in the streets, immerse yourself in the cultural tapestry, and discover the ever-evolving spirit of this extraordinary city.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free