Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Unraveling the Enigma: Berlin as a City-State

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Nestled in the heart of Europe, Berlin stands as one of the most fascinating yet frequently misunderstood places on the continent. Often, people wonder: is Berlin a country or a city? In this article, we will explore the unique characteristics of Berlin and clarify its political and geographical status. Let’s dive in!

Understanding Berlin’s Political Structure

To fully comprehend Berlin’s status, it’s crucial to grasp the concept of a ‘city-state.’ A city-state is an independent urban entity that operates as both a city and a state. Unlike conventional cities that are part of a larger country, city-states possess their own government, economy, and local laws.

Berlin falls under the category of a city-state, known formally as the ‘Free City of Berlin.’ This means that it has the autonomy to govern itself to a significant extent and maintains legal and administrative authority over its internal affairs.

Historical Background

Berlin’s status as a city-state dates back to its tumultuous history. Following World War II and the division of Germany, the city was physically divided into four sectors. Three of these sectors were controlled by the Allied powers, namely the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. The fourth sector, known as East Berlin, fell under Soviet control.

The division of Berlin persisted until 1990 when Germany was reunified. Today, Berlin operates as the capital of the unified Germany while maintaining its distinct status as a city-state.

The Role and Function of Berlin as a City-State

As a city-state, Berlin carries out various functions that combine both urban management and state responsibilities. Let’s take a look at some of these functions:

Governing and Administration

Berlin has its own government known as the Senate of Berlin, led by the governing mayor. The Senate handles local matters, including education, healthcare, transportation, and urban planning. While the German federal government exerts certain authorities over Berlin in areas like foreign affairs and defense, the city-state enjoys a fair degree of autonomy in managing its internal affairs.

Economy and Culture

Berlin’s economic and cultural significance extends far beyond its city limits. The city plays a critical role in Germany’s economy, boasting thriving industries in technology, creative arts, research, and tourism. Additionally, Berlin is a major cultural hub with a vibrant arts scene, numerous museums, theaters, and historic landmarks, attracting visitors from all around the globe.

Distinctive Features of Berlin

Berlin’s unique fusion of historical heritage, artistic expression, and modern urban life make it a truly captivating place. Let’s explore some of the distinctive features that set Berlin apart:

Architectural Diversity

The architectural landscape of Berlin is a blend of old and new, reflecting its rich history. From iconic landmarks like the Berlin Wall remnants and Brandenburg Gate to modern architectural marvels like the glass-domed Reichstag building, Berlin’s cityscape offers a captivating mix of styles from different eras.

Vibrant Neighborhoods

Berlin comprises diverse neighborhoods, each with its own distinct character and atmosphere. Kreuzberg, known for its multicultural vibrancy, offers a lively nightlife and street art scene. Prenzlauer Berg, on the other hand, captivates visitors with its charming cafés, boutique shops, and leafy parks. Exploring the neighborhoods allows you to experience the true essence of Berlin.

Historical Significance

As the capital of Germany, Berlin has played a pivotal role in shaping European history. From its resilient recovery after World War II to the tumultuous period of division during the Cold War, Berlin stands as a living testament to the resilience, determination, and unity of its people.


In summary, Berlin is neither solely a country nor a conventional city. It is a city-state that embraces autonomy in governing its internal affairs while simultaneously functioning as the capital of Germany. Berlin’s political structure, societal vibrancy, and historical significance make it a remarkable and truly compelling destination to explore.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free