Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Unveiling the Secrets of the Berlin Wall

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

Welcome to this captivating journey through the turbulent history of the Berlin Wall. In this article, we will explore the fascinating stories and significant locations surrounding one of the most iconic structures of the 20th century. Get ready to immerse yourself in history and discover the whereabouts of the Berlin Wall!

1. The Divided City

The Berlin Wall was located in the heart of Berlin, the capital of Germany. Following World War II, the city became a geopolitical hotspot, divided into four occupied zones administered by the Allied powers: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France.

As tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union escalated, so did the ideological divide between East and West. West Berlin, controlled by the Allied powers, became a symbol of democracy and capitalism, while East Berlin, under Soviet control, represented communism.

2. Construction and Purpose

In August 1961, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) began the construction of the Berlin Wall. The primary purpose of the wall was to prevent mass migration from East to West Berlin, as thousands of East Germans sought a better life in the West.

Stretching over 155 kilometers (96 miles) through the city, the Berlin Wall stood as a physical and psychological barrier for over 28 years. It consisted of concrete walls, barbed wire fences, guard towers, and an extensive network of obstacles designed to deter any attempts to cross from one side to the other.

3. Death Strip and Checkpoints

The area between the two walls of the Berlin Wall was known as the “Death Strip” due to the deadly consequences faced by those who attempted to cross it. This no man’s land was heavily guarded and fortified with anti-vehicle trenches, watchtowers, and anti-personnel devices.

Despite the risks, there were a few authorized crossing points along the Berlin Wall. Checkpoint Charlie, the most famous checkpoint, connected Friedrichstraße in East Berlin with Zimmerstraße in West Berlin. It served as a gateway for diplomats, military personnel, and foreign tourists.

3.1. Checkpoint Charlie Museum

If you want to learn more about the history of the Berlin Wall and the stories of those who attempted to escape, a visit to the Checkpoint Charlie Museum should be on your itinerary. Located near the original checkpoint, the museum houses exhibitions and artifacts that provide a glimpse into the daring escape attempts and the lives affected by the wall.

4. Fall of the Wall

On November 9, 1989, the world witnessed a historic event as the Berlin Wall fell. A combination of political changes, peaceful demonstrations, and a miscommunication by the East German authorities led to an overwhelming surge of people gathering at the border crossings, demanding freedom of movement.

As the crowds grew, the border guards faced a dilemma. Facing mounting pressure, they decided to open the checkpoints, allowing East Berliners to freely cross into West Berlin. This pivotal moment marked the symbolic end of the division and laid the foundation for German reunification.

5. Berlin Wall Memorial

To pay homage to the victims and to preserve the memory of the Berlin Wall, the Berlin Wall Memorial was established. Located along Bernauer Straße, this memorial site provides an immersive experience through various exhibitions, remnants of the wall, and an open-air museum.

Walking along the preserved section of the wall and seeing the watchtowers and other historical artifacts brings the reality of the divided city to life. It is a somber reminder of the hardships endured by those living on either side of the wall.

6. Conclusion

The Berlin Wall has left an indelible mark on the history of Germany and the world. The division of Berlin and the subsequent construction of the wall showcased the ideological struggle between East and West during the Cold War era. Today, exploring the remnants of the wall and visiting the memorial sites provides a powerful reminder of the importance of freedom and human resilience.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free