Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

What Are the Rotes Rathaus (City Hall) and Neptune Fountain in Berlin, Germany?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Walking Tour

Berlin, the capital city of Germany, is home to a rich history and a wealth of architectural wonders. Among its numerous iconic landmarks, two notable attractions stand out: the Rotes Rathaus (City Hall) and the Neptune Fountain. Let’s delve into the history, significance, and beauty of these magnificent structures.

The Rotes Rathaus (City Hall)

The Rotes Rathaus, meaning “Red City Hall” in German, is an impressive building located in the Mitte district of Berlin. Its construction was completed in 1869, and it has since served as the seat of government for the city. The building stands as a symbol of Berlin’s political power and historical significance.

Architectural Style

The Rotes Rathaus beautifully showcases the red brick Gothic Revival style, which was prevalent during the late 19th century. This architectural style takes inspiration from medieval structures, characterized by pointed arches, decorative elements, and intricate details. The red brick facade gives the City Hall a striking appearance that stands out amidst the surrounding buildings.

The City Hall is notable for its distinct tower, soaring skywards at a height of 74 meters (243 feet). The tower offers a panoramic view of the city, allowing visitors to admire Berlin’s unique skyline and landmarks from above.

Historical Significance

The Rotes Rathaus has borne witness to numerous historical events throughout its existence. During World War II, it suffered severe damage from bombings but was meticulously rebuilt in the post-war years. Today, it serves as a symbol of Berlin’s resilience and the determination of its people.

Moreover, the Rotes Rathaus has witnessed both political triumphs and struggles. It was the headquarters of the East Berlin administration during the time of the Berlin Wall and the division of Germany. Following the fall of the Wall in 1989, the City Hall became the center for the reunified Berlin government.

Exploring the Rotes Rathaus

Visiting the Rotes Rathaus offers a wonderful opportunity to immerse oneself in Berlin’s history and culture. The courtyard, adorned with sculptures and fountains, is a fantastic place to relax and take in the grandeur of the building. Inside, the City Hall houses several exhibits that document Berlin’s past, including the historical museum of the city.

Additionally, guided tours are available, allowing visitors to explore the building’s remarkable interior and learn about its fascinating history. From the stunning ceremonial rooms to the Council Chamber, visitors can gain insight into the political workings of Berlin while marveling at the fine craftsmanship and artworks within.

The Neptune Fountain

Adjacent to the Rotes Rathaus stands the Neptune Fountain, an exquisite bronze sculpture that complements the grandeur of the City Hall. Erected in 1891, the fountain was designed by Reinhold Begas, a renowned German sculptor.

Sculptural Significance

The Neptune Fountain depicts the Roman god Neptune, known as the god of the sea in classical mythology. The sculpture portrays Neptune, surrounded by water nymphs and mythical sea creatures, holding his famous trident. This magnificent piece of art embodies the power and might associated with the sea.

Symbolism and Cultural Importance

The fountain carries symbolic significance that extends beyond its artistic beauty. The Neptune Fountain signifies Berlin’s maritime connections, despite being an inland city. It also represents the importance of water in maintaining the city’s livelihood, as it relies heavily on its network of rivers and lakes.

Over the years, the Neptune Fountain has become an iconic meeting point for both tourists and locals. Its central location and mesmerizing design make it a popular spot for people to gather, take photographs, and enjoy the surrounding scenery.

Admiring the Neptune Fountain

When visiting the Rotes Rathaus, make sure to allocate time to appreciate the Neptune Fountain up close. Take a stroll around the fountain and observe the intricate details of the sculptures. As you approach the fountain, you’ll be captivated by the sound of the cascading water and the grandeur of the statue.

Remember to bring your camera, as the Neptune Fountain provides an excellent backdrop for memorable photos. Capture the beauty of the fountain and create lasting memories of your visit to this remarkable landmark in Berlin.


The Rotes Rathaus and the Neptune Fountain are both remarkable landmarks in the heart of Berlin, Germany. The City Hall stands as a testament to Berlin’s turbulent history, while the Neptune Fountain adds an artistic and cultural touch to the landscape.

Visiting these iconic attractions allows you to immerse yourself in Berlin’s history, admire stunning architecture, and gain a deeper understanding of the city’s cultural importance. Whether you’re an architecture enthusiast or simply a curious traveler, exploring the Rotes Rathaus and the Neptune Fountain should be high on your list of things to do in Berlin.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free