Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Where Was the Berlin Wall Built?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Walking Tour

The Berlin Wall was one of the most significant landmarks in history. Built to divide the city of Berlin and symbolize the Cold War division of Germany, it stood from 1961 to 1989. If you’re an absolute beginner on the topic, you might be wondering where exactly the Berlin Wall was located. Let’s explore the geography of the wall in this blog post.

The Location of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall spanned a total length of approximately 155 kilometers (96 miles) and encircled West Berlin, the western part of the city that was controlled by the Western Allies, including the United States, United Kingdom, and France. The wall also effectively divided East Germany from West Germany, symbolizing the separation between the Soviet Union’s influence in the east and the Western bloc in the west.

Inner City Locations

Within the city of Berlin, the wall ran through various neighborhoods, cutting through streets, parks, and even buildings. Some key locations along the wall included:

  • Brandenburg Gate: The iconic Brandenburg Gate, located in the heart of Berlin, was situated in the no man’s land between the inner and outer walls of the Berlin Wall. It served as a powerful symbol of the division and would later become a site of celebration after the wall fell in 1989.
  • Potsdamer Platz: This bustling square in the city center was entirely divided by the wall, and its reconstruction became a symbol of unity after reunification.
  • Checkpoint Charlie: One of the most famous crossing points between East and West Berlin, Checkpoint Charlie was heavily fortified during the division. Today, a replica of the checkpoint booth stands as a reminder of the past.

Outer Areas

Beyond the city center, the Berlin Wall passed through several rural areas, fields, and even bodies of water. Here are a few notable areas:

  • Glienicke Bridge: This bridge, located southwest of central Berlin, became known as the “Bridge of Spies” due to the exchange of captured spies that took place there during the Cold War. It connected the American sector of Berlin with Potsdam in East Germany.
  • Thousand-Meter Dash: This name is given to a particularly dangerous section of the wall located near the Teltow Canal, where East Germans attempted to swim across to the West.

Effects on the City

The Berlin Wall had profound effects on the city and its residents. It physically divided families, friends, and communities. It caused socio-economic disparities and political tensions. The stark contrast between life in East and West Berlin was evident along the wall, with the West prospering and the East experiencing many hardships.

However, on November 9, 1989, the wall finally came down, leading to the reunification of East and West Germany. Today, the Berlin Wall serves as a reminder of the city’s history and the enduring human spirit that overcomes division and oppression.

Visiting the Berlin Wall Today

Visiting the Berlin Wall can be a powerful and educational experience. While the original wall has mostly been demolished, several sections and landmarks remain:

  • East Side Gallery: This section of the wall, located along the Spree River, features a series of vibrant murals painted by artists from around the world. It is a testament to freedom and artistic expression.
  • Memorial to the Berlin Wall: Situated near the Brandenburg Gate, this memorial features a restored section of the wall that allows visitors to gain a sense of its imposing height and the challenges faced by those attempting to cross it.

Exploring these sites provides a glimpse into the past and a chance to reflect on the importance of unity, freedom, and the resilience of the human spirit.

Conclusion

The Berlin Wall was located in the city of Berlin, cutting through various neighborhoods, streets, and landmarks. It served as a stark symbol of the Cold War division between East and West Germany, separating families and communities. Today, while much of the wall is gone, its remnants and associated landmarks stand as a reminder of the city’s history. Visiting these sites can be both educational and thought-provoking, offering a glimpse into a bygone era and a testament to the indomitable human spirit.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.

WHAT TO EXPECT

  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free