Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

Why Was the Berlin Wall Built?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Walking Tour

The Berlin Wall, a significant symbol of the Cold War era, stood for 28 years and divided Berlin into East and West. It was erected on August 13, 1961, by the German Democratic Republic (GDR) to prevent its citizens from defecting to the capitalist West. The wall had a profound impact on the lives of people living in Berlin. But have you ever wondered how much it cost to build the infamous Berlin Wall?

Construction and Associated Costs

Estimating the exact cost of building the Berlin Wall is challenging, as it involved multiple factors and expenses over time. The physical construction of the wall consisted of barbed wire fencing, concrete barriers, guard towers, and other security measures.

The initial phase of the wall’s construction included hastily setting up the wall overnight using barbed wire and improvised materials. This quick and haphazard construction was done to prevent people from fleeing East Germany to the West.

Over time, the GDR made significant improvements and invested more resources into fortifying the wall. In the years following its construction, concrete elements, reinforced steel fencing, signal fences, patrol roads, and an extensive network of border security systems were added.

Complexity and Financial Burden

While exact figures are difficult to ascertain, it is estimated that the cost of building and maintaining the Berlin Wall was substantial. Not only did the construction involve material expenses, but it also required significant manpower and ongoing funds to operate the security infrastructure.

The GDR allocated resources from its state budget to the construction and maintenance of the wall. These expenses included the procurement of construction materials, border security personnel, and maintaining the surveillance systems. The financial burden of maintaining such a vast barrier for nearly three decades took a toll on the East German economy.

The Human Cost

While discussing the cost of the Berlin Wall, it is essential to acknowledge the immeasurable human cost it imposed on those affected by its construction. The wall separated families, friends, and loved ones, causing immense emotional damage and trauma.

Additionally, numerous attempts to cross the wall, both successful and unsuccessful, resulted in loss of life. Many individuals risked their lives to escape the oppressive regime of East Germany, facing grave consequences in the process. This human toll, although incalculable in monetary terms, cannot be overlooked.

Aftermath and Fall of the Wall

The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 marked a momentous event in history, symbolizing the end of a divided Germany and the crumbling of the Soviet Union. With the reunification of East and West Germany, immense efforts were made to dismantle the wall.

While the physical dismantling of the wall did incur further costs, including cleanup and infrastructure redevelopment, it also brought forth a wave of economic opportunities and growth. The fall of the wall facilitated the integration of East Germany into the West German economy, allowing for renewed prosperity.

The Value of Unity

The cost of building the Berlin Wall cannot simply be measured in financial terms. Its construction and the subsequent fall resulted in immense historical implications for Berlin, Germany, and the world. The unity and freedom that followed speak volumes about the true value of reunification and the importance of safeguarding human rights.

In conclusion, while exact figures may be elusive, the cost of building the Berlin Wall encompasses monetary expenses, human suffering, and the consequences faced by those who lived in a divided Germany for nearly three decades. The legacy of the wall continues to remind us of the importance of unity, freedom, and the pursuit of peace.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free