Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free

The Historic Fall: Berlin Wall’s Transformational Era

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Original Berlin

The Rise and Construction of the Berlin Wall

In the tumultuous years following World War II, Berlin became a divided city. The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961, under the orders of East German authorities. Its purpose was to separate communist-controlled East Berlin from democratic West Berlin. This concrete barrier spanned 155 kilometers (96 miles) and stood 3.6 meters (12 feet) tall.

The reasons behind the construction of the Berlin Wall were complex. One catalyst was the mass exodus of East Germans seeking freedom and economic opportunities in the more prosperous West. The wall aimed to halt the increasing emigration, boost the East German regime’s stability, and preserve its socialist state.

The Impact of the Berlin Wall

The division of Berlin by the wall had profound political, economic, and societal ramifications. Families and friends, once living in close proximity, were suddenly torn apart. The wall became a notorious symbol of the Cold War and its Iron Curtain, separating the eastern and western blocs of the world. It epitomized the deep ideological divide between the communist and capitalist worlds.

Despite the division, both East and West Berlin developed distinct identities during the wall’s existence. West Berlin, supported by the West, thrived as a vibrant bastion of freedom amidst the surrounding communism. East Berlin, on the other hand, remained under the strict control of the East German government.

The Struggle for Freedom and Reunification

The Berlin Wall stood for 28 years, during which time numerous attempts were made to breach its barrier. Heartbreaking stories of escapes and tragic loss of life still echo through the annals of history. However, the wall couldn’t withstand the rising tide of change.

In the late 1980s, the winds of transformation were blowing across Eastern Europe. A wave of reforms, spearheaded by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, heralded a period of openness and political change. East Germans were increasingly clamoring for reunification with the West.

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

On the evening of November 9, 1989, something extraordinary happened. Thousands of East Berliners gathered near the border crossings, demanding freedom to travel to the West. Overwhelmed by the surging crowd, East German border guards finally decided to allow passage, and the wall crumbled amidst a euphoric atmosphere.

This historic event marked not only the physical collapse of the wall but also the symbolical fall of communism and the end of the Cold War era. The Berlin Wall, once an impenetrable barrier, became an open gateway. East and West Berliners streamed through the dismantled wall, celebrating their newfound unity and erasing decades of separation.

The Aftermath and Legacy

Following the fall of the Berlin Wall, Germany began the journey towards reunification. On October 3, 1990, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) formally joined the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), resulting in the reunified nation we know today.

The fall of the Berlin Wall not only transformed Berlin but also had a profound impact on the world. It symbolized the power of the human spirit and the longing for freedom. The reunification of Germany showcased the possibility of reconciliation and the potential for overcoming deep divisions.

Remembering the Berlin Wall Today

Today, remnants of the Berlin Wall serve as a poignant reminder of its historical significance. The East Side Gallery, a section of the wall covered in colorful murals, stands as a testament to artistic expression and the triumph of freedom over oppression.

Visiting the Berlin Wall Memorial allows visitors to reflect on the city’s divided past and the resilience of its inhabitants. Museums, like the Checkpoint Charlie Museum, capture the stories of escape attempts and the human cost of the wall.

In Conclusion

The fall of the Berlin Wall was a transformative moment in history. Its construction and subsequent dismantling shaped the lives of countless individuals and had a lasting impact on the political landscape of Europe. Today, the Berlin Wall stands as a reminder of the power of freedom, unity, and hope.

Thank you for reading. If you're inspired by the stories of Berlin and want to delve deeper, why not join us on our Free Berlin Walking Tour? It's a wonderful way to immerse yourself in the city's rich history and vibrant culture. We look forward to welcoming you soon.


  • 3.5 hours walking tour
  • Berlin’s major highlights
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Reichstag and Berlin Wall
  • Historical sites

Free Walking Tour Berlin

When: Every day 10am & 12pm every day
Where: The meeting point is in front of the ehemaliges Kaiserliches Postfuhramt Berlin, Oranienburger Straße, 10117 Berlin, Germany, next to the entrance.
Price: Free